Which one would you say is the correct spelling?
Mohamad, Mohamed, Mohammad, Mohammed, Muhamad,
Muhamed, Muhamet, Muhammed, Muhammet, Mahammad
Transliteration is the term used to describe the process of representing words or letters of one system of writing in a second, different system (e.g. Arabic to English). The name محمد is a good example. The issue here is that, in Arabic, vowels are rarely written. They are often understood from context. Hence, the name Mohammad is actually represented with its four consonants and written as: MHMD (محمد). This practice leads to different ways of pronouncing the same word in different dialects. So, when the word is transliterated into English, it is represented with different vowels depending on which dialect or language it was originally taken from. Persians (Afghans, Iranians and Tajiks) usually spell it as Mohammad while Arabs pronounce the first vowel more deeply and thus spell the word as Muhammad. Turks (and people in the Balkans) pronounce the final d as a t which leads to spellings such as Muhamet or Muhammet.
When using transliterated words, a good strategy is to go on a search engine, type your best guess and then limit the search to your target geographic area. If you see only a few hits, your spelling is perhaps not the most common one.
If you simply want to find the accepted spelling of a word, just type each spelling in the search box and see which one yields the most number of results. Mao Zedong gives 1,940,000 hits on Google whereas Mao Tse-tung gives you only 827,000.
Recent research suggests that (in right-handed people) clenching your right hand might help you form stronger memories and clenching your left will help recall memories.
According to Dr. popper and her colleagues “unilateral hand clenching increases neural activity in the frontal lobe” and thus helps with memory forming and retrieval.
I asked Dr. popper if the same or the opposite sequence of clenching works for left-handed people. Her response:
There is some research showing that non-right-handers are not the opposite of right-handers. In fact, there is some possibility that clenching the same as righties would be harmful to non-righties memories, and no idea what would happen for opposite hand clenching. An educated guess would suggest there would not be help for memory.
Read the full article: “Getting a Grip on Memory: Unilateral Hand Clenching Alters Episodic Recall”
Can you spot any punctuation/grammar problems in the following movie titles?
Star Trek Into Darkness
Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Law abiding Citizen
Honey, I Shrunk the Kids
Two Weeks Notice
The 40 Year Old Virgin
The Ladies Man
An Allan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn
My Big Fat Greek Wedding
Eight Legged Freaks
Check your answers here: Writing Wrongs: 10 Movie Titles with Bad Grammar
How much do you know about speech and language disorders/impairments? How common are they? How many of the following terms can you define?
Canadian country-folk singer and songwriter Stompin’ Tom Connors passed away yesterday, March 6, 2013, at the age of 77 of what has been described as “natural causes”.
Tom asked for the following letter to be published after his death:
I want all my fans, past, present, or future, to know that without you, there would have not been any Stompin’ Tom.
It was a long hard bumpy road, but this great country kept me inspired with its beauty, character, and spirit, driving me to keep marching on and devoted to sing about its people and places that make Canada the greatest country in the world.
I must now pass the torch, to all of you, to help keep the Maple Leaf flying high, and be the Patriot Canada needs now and in the future.
I humbly thank you all, one last time, for allowing me in your homes, I hope I continue to bring a little bit of cheer into your lives from the work I have done.
Your Friend always,
Stompin’ Tom Connors
A biography of Stompin’ Tom Connors as well as his famous “Hockey Song” are featured in O Canada.
Thank you to all the participants at my workshop, Canadian Music in the ESL Classroom, on Saturday at the TESL Ottawa winter conference. You can download a copy of the PowerPoint presentation HERE and a chapter from O Canada HERE.
Also thanks are due to organizers with special thanks to Sharon Deng, Tricia Simister-Rogers and Linda Davis.
In a recent article in Guardian, Diane Schmitt, an EAP professor at Nottingham Trent University, criticizes university admission systems for what she calls a lack of “any direct method for determining whether or not prospective students’ previous experience of educational practice or culture has prepared them for the approaches to study required of students in British universities.”
Read the full artice: UK universities failing to bridge culture gap for foreign students
Chapter 2 of Reel Canada features Flawed, a short animation from Andrea Dorfman, focusing on body image and self-confidence.
Watch the clip below
Flawed (Clip 1) by Andrea Dorfman, National Film Board of Canada
Have you ever thought why humans, unlike other animals, cannot breathe and swallow at the same time?
The voice box is situated much lower in the human throat than in other primates to accommodate the larger box which consequently enables us to produce a wider range of sounds and with more resonance. It is because of this unique placement that we cannot breathe and eat simultaneously.
Infants, however, can breathe while breastfeeding since their box doesn’t drop to the lower position until they are about 9 months old, shortly after which babies start uttering their first words.
Chapter 3 of Reel Canada focuses on racism and discrimination. It opens with a reading passage about Jane Elliott’s controversioal experiment in Iowa in 1968; looks at hate crime statistics in Canada; features the documentary (see below), The Colour of Beauty, about the obstacles on the way of a black fashion model in New York, as well as a listening comprehension exercise on the play, Les Mains Noirs (Black Hands) about Marie Joseph Angelique, a slave in 19th century Montreal. There is also a writing exercise based on Howard Griffin’s book, Black Like Me.
Colour of Beauty ,The by Elizabeth St. Philip, National Film Board of Canada